Trends in maternal diet, is healthy if dieting while pregnant?
This is becoming a trend now to go on a diet while pregnant. Fear of weight gain due to pregnancy and fear of weight will not go down again after pregnancy triggers the maternal diet. But whether it be dieting while pregnant?
In fact, by the time you actually get pregnant weight had to be increased. Weight gain will provide backup power when pregnant because the baby also needs nutrients needed for fetal development.
Less weight during pregnancy will affect brain development and intelligence of the baby. Conversely, if excess weight would be a bad influence also which can increase the risk of preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, hypertension and complications during childbirth.
What is the ideal weight during pregnancy? Height and weight of the pregnant women before pregnancy to determine ideal body weight experienced during pregnancy. In general, pregnant women need a weight gain of 12 to 17 kg. If your weight before pregnancy you have less, then you can gain weight 14-20 kg. While you have excess weight before pregnancy, weight gain you need is about 7-12 kg.
Here are some of the causes of weight gain while pregnant:
1. Blood volume increases. At 30-32 weeks gestation, the volume of red blood cells will be increased a maximum of 30%. At the age of 38-40 weeks, the blood volume will begin to stabilize. Plasma volume will increase about 1.3 liters or 40%.
2. Because the baby is in the womb itself. The baby's nutritional needs are as important as the nutrients needed by the pregnant women. Because of the food consumed by pregnant women were absorbed by the fetus then there are times when pregnant women like to eat a lot. With increasing appetite naturally weight will increase.
3. The amount of fluid in the body increases. Components of water in the body will increase by about 6.5 liters in pregnancy than normal amount should be, so the volume of amniotic fluid will increase. So in essence, is the most important for pregnant women not to diet but keep eating healthy and nutrition so that the fetus can be maintained until the pregnancy, among others, the following:
4. Carbohydrate needs. Carbohydrates are needed as an energy source to support the development of the fetus. Carbohydrates are needed every day totaling at least 2300 calories and is derived from white rice, brown rice, wheat and others.
5. Protein needs. Protein is needed to build new cells forming the basic structure of the fetus and organs. 12 grams a day of protein derived from soy milk, chicken breast and yogurt.
6. Calcium needs. Calcium serves for the formation of bones and reduce the risk of the baby of pregnant women have osteoporosis. It is derived from milk, almonds and yogurt.
7. The need for folate / folic acid may help reduce the risk of damage to the brain, red blood cells and placental growth. Foods that contain folic acid include broccoli, bananas, avocados, spinach.
8. The need for iron / red blood cells during pregnancy will increase by 30% so it needs iron to make hemoglobin. The growth of the placenta and fetus are rapidly even need iron. Intake of iron can be obtained from eggs, tuna, spinach, soybeans and dairy, broccoli and red meat.
Source : metris-community