Autism has a wide range of so-called Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Variety of disorders included in ASD is autistic disorder (classic autism), Asperger's disorder, pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), Rett's disorder (Rett syndrome, and childhood disintegrative disorder (CDD). Symptoms of ASD were diagnosed by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.
Symptoms usually appear before a child is three years old and should be immediately recognizable parents. The most common sign in children with autism is difficulty recognizing faces. This difficulty is a symptom of autism. This is because the child is difficult to build and felt no need for such social relations. Difficulties also makes children unable longer made eye contact.
Children with autism often also have late speech (speech delay). Speech delay making a limited mastery of the language. Usually, children with autism are only able to speak with the 'style' certain. if the immediate environment using formal language, then he will do it. Children with autism can not adjust the language used by the surrou.
Children with autism also difficult to play imaginatively. The real game is relatively easy for them. They usually do not want to share toys with other children. Children also have a habit of stereotyped repetitive. For example, like shaking a finger, or walking back and forth. This habit can be a favorite, or because of abnormal brain activity.
As a result children are not able to control the movements are performed. Children with autism also react to certain things, such as light, sound, smell, taste, and texture. Children with autism usually do not like or are not comfortable with the light is too strong. Certain sounds such as thunder, ringing telephone, or a vacuum cleaner to make children with autism feel uncomfortable. They will cover their ears and scream sometimes. Children with autism do not show any expression when feeling hot or cold.
Children with autism also often experience drowsiness and sleep problems difficult. Some people with autism have to use the hormone melatonin to help her sleep.
Children with autism should be immediately taken to a psychologist or psychiatrist to immediately receive treatment within its capabilities. Therapy will help independent and adaptable environment.
"Early intervention helps children quickly learn important things for him. Form of therapy can be combined psychology and psikofarmaka," said Dwijo.
Psikofarmaka used when considered dangerous manifestations of autism in children. Forms of early intervention on the psychological aspect is, children learn social behavior and education. Children will learn how to behave well in the general environment. For example, if you have to pee in place, no yelling, and obey the rules. Another form of intervention is floor time. At this session will learn how to communicate and build relationships.